It is assumed, in the site that will host Genoa, a first presence of Liguria between the late VI sec. ac and III sec. ac This is an ancient society spread throughout Liguria, whose culture runs out at the same time as the rising power of the genuine coastal community around the 2nd century AD. B.C. In this context, the origin of Oppidum Genuate is insertedwhich sees the influence of Rome continuing until the III sec. dc through the juridical forms of the foedus equum and subsequently the municipium .
The natural conformation of the territory and the persistent presence of the libeccio do not facilitate the development of a well-defined configuration of the pre-Roman settlement, which begins to assume its own identity with the fragmentary organization of the area of the oppidum garnet, located on the hill of Castello (overlooking the south-east of the natural harbor) and on that of Sant’Andrea, just back and seat from the first necropolis.
And ‘interesting to note the development of the organization of the territory in the Roman area, the application uses the radius of a thousand passus (1480 m.), Which is the military away, counted from the market ( forum of St. George) which subdivides urban ( civitas and castrum ) and rustic ( suburbium ) property.
From this sort of subdivision to concentric semicircular bands comes the medieval territorial layout.
Over the centuries Genoa begins to assume a more precise physiognomy. Already in IV century. it is hypothesized the presence of a cathedral that would confirm the existence of a civitas, then identifiable in the 6th century, into a real mercantile center.
In 641, we know that Genoa is attacked by the Lombard Rotarian army, which destroys the walls, plunders and burns the city. But Genoa resumes quickly: it rebuilds the city wall, resumes the traffic and its autonomy is respected throughout the Lombard period and for the next free period.
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