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Century XIII

The age of the podesta faces an increasingly fragmented city, divided between the interests of the two factions, guelph and ghibelline, to keep up the bend, which by order of the podestà, are named two captains of the people: one for the companions of city ​​and one for the village.

Although in this state of disorder, culminating in the turmoil of craftsmen, backed by noble Ghibellines, in which Guglielmo Boccanegra was named first captain of the people, and continued with new captains who were facing the fresh divisions of the two major noble groups (Doria- Spinola and Fieschi-Grimaldi), Genoa sees to grow its maritime hegemony.

This is a result of a dramatic increase in the intensity of trade, which leads to an orientation towards the interests of ports. This leads to the formation of a true urban culture which is manifested by the construction of the Darsena in Pré and the fortification west of Gate of Vacca (1312).

It is within this new port question that a magistracy is established with urban planning tasks both in the harbor area and in the whole city.

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