It is assumed, in the site that will host Genoa, a first presence of Liguria between the late VI sec. ac and III sec. ac This is an ancient society spread throughout Liguria, whose culture runs out at the same time as the rising power of the genuine coastal community around the 2nd century AD. B.C. In this context, the origin of Oppidum Genuate is insertedwhich sees the influence of Rome continuing until the III sec. dc through the juridical forms of the foedus equum and subsequently the municipium .
The natural conformation of the territory and the persistent presence of the libeccio do not facilitate the development of a well-defined configuration of the pre-Roman settlement, which begins to assume its own identity with the fragmentary organization of the area of the oppidum garnet, located on the hill of Castello (overlooking the south-east of the natural harbor) and on that of Sant’Andrea, just back and seat from the first necropolis.
And ‘interesting to note the development of the organization of the territory in the Roman area, the application uses the radius of a thousand passus (1480 m.), Which is the military away, counted from the market ( forum of St. George) which subdivides urban ( civitas and castrum ) and rustic ( suburbium ) property.
From this kind of subdivision to concentric semicircular bands comes the medieval territorial layout.
Over the centuries Genoa begins to assume a more precise physiognomy. Already in IV century. it is hypothesized the presence of a cathedral that would confirm the existence of a civitas, then identifiable in the 6th century, in a real merchant center.
In 641, we know that Genoa is attacked by the Lombard Rotarian army, which destroys the walls, plunders and burns the city. But Genoa resumes quickly: it rebuilds the city wall, resumes the traffic and its autonomy is respected throughout the Lombard period and for the next free period.
It is presumed that the first Ligurian presence in the territory that would in future become Genoa, was between the end of the VI century bc and the III century ad
During this time the Oppidum Genuate was established, and that was the case with the population of Genoa. was controlled by the Roman Empire until the III century adthrough the jurisdiction of the foedus equum and later the municipium.
The natural configuration of the territory and the insistent presence of the south-west wind did not allow the establishment of a typical, well-defined pre-Roman settlement. Instead Genoa began to form its own urban identity. The organization of the area was fragmented between the area of the oppidum genuate, situated on the hills of Castello (facing the south-east side of the natural port) and Sant’Andrea,
It is interesting to note that the territory developed according to Roman design: starting from the market place at the center, the settlement of S Giorgio was divided using the measure of the thousand passus (about 1480 meters, the military distance) and urban Territories (civitas and castrum) were separated from rustic ones (suburbium).
This type of division in semicircular concentric areas was the basic plan for future medieval settlements.
In the following centuries Genoa began to take on a more defined appearance. The presence of a cathedral confirms that by the IV century it had become civitas (civilization) later acknowledged as a true commercial center.
We know that Genoa was attacked in 641 by the army of the Lombard Rotari who destroyed the walls and burned and ravaged the city. But Genoa healed quickly; the walls were rebuilt, and commerce was restored, and its autonomy was respected throughout the entire period of the Lombard dominion and the successive Frankish one.
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